Module 5 – Agricultural Water

Part 1: Production Water

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  • Beuchat, L.R. (2006). Vectors and conditions for pre-harvest contamination of fruits and vegetables with pathogens capable of causing enteric diseases. Brit Food J, 108(1), 38–53.

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  • Guan, T.Y., Blank, G., Ismond, A., & Van Acker, R. (2001). Fate of foodborne bacterial pathogens in pesticide products. J Sci Food Agric, 81(5), 503–512.
  • Steele, M., & Odumeru, J. (2004). Irrigation water as source of foodborne pathogens on fruit and vegetables. J Food Prot, 67(12), 2839–2849.
  • Stine, S.W., Song, I., Choi, C., & Gerba, C.P. (2005). Application of microbial risk assessment to the development of standards for enteric pathogens in water used to irrigate fresh produce. J Food Prot, 68(5), 913–918.

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  • Stine, S.W., Song, I., Choi, C., & Gerba, C.P. (2005). Application of microbial risk assessment to the development of standards for enteric pathogens in water used to irrigate fresh produce. J Food Prot, 68(5), 913–918.

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  • Lopez-Velasco, G., Tomas-Callejas, A., Sbodio, A. O., Pham, X., Wei, P., Diribsa, D., & Suslow, T. V. (2015). Factors affecting cell population density during enrichment and subsequent molecular detection of Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli O157: H7 on lettuce contaminated during field production. Food Control54, 165–175.
  • Gutiérrez‐Rodríguez, E., Gundersen, A., Sbodio, A. O., & Suslow, T. V. (2012). Variable agronomic practices, cultivar, strain source and initial contamination dose differentially affect survival of Escherichia coli on spinach. J Appl Micro, 112(1), 109–118.
  • Yuk, H. G., Warren, B. R., & Schneider, K. R. (2007). Infiltration and survival of Salmonella spp. on tomato surfaces labeled using a low-energy carbon dioxide laser device. Hort Technology17(1), 67–71.

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  • FSMA, Produce Safety Rule, 21 CFR 112 (2015), Comment/Response 237, pages 74451 to 74452.

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  • FSMA Technical Assistance Network
  • Francy, D.S., & Darner, R.A. (2000). Comparison of methods for determining Escherichia coli concentrations in recreational waters. Water Research, 34(10), 2770–2778.
  • Pope, M. L., Bussen, M., Feige, M. A., Shadix, L., Gonder, S., Rodgers, C., Chambers, Y., Pulz, J., Miller, K., Connell, K., & Standridge, J. (2003). Assessment of the effects of holding time and temperature on Escherichia coli densities in surface water samples. Appl Environ Micro, 69(10), 6201–6207.
  • EPA (2009). Method 1603: Escherichia coli (E. coli) in Water by Membrane Filtration Using Modified membrane-Thermotolerant Escherichia coli Agar (Modified mTEC).

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Part 2: Postharvest Water

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